unit-1-social-sciences---perspectives-and-interrelationships

Unit-1 Social Sciences - Perspectives and Interrelationships

The differences between social sciences and 'sciences', the sources of data and the methods used to create social science knowledge.

What are the major similarities and differences between 'science' and 'social sciences’ ? 





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Learning Pundits Content Team

Written on Apr 15, 2019 4:20:22 PM

Similarities:

Both science and social sciences studies are planned and systematic aiming to acquire a full understanding of the subject under study.

Differences:

1. Science studies Natural Objects and Phenomenon. Illustration: The Earth revolves around the Sun, Laws of Gravity, the laws of motion, other Universal Laws.

Social Sciences study different aspects of human society and interpersonal relationships among people in society. Illustration: Studying reasons for social phenomenon such as increasing incidence of suicide, or the social function of conflict and crime, the causes of poverty or the nature of bureaucracy. Social scientists also predict future trends or forces that would govern society.

2. Scientific study is Objective. No personal biases due to caste, class, gender or religion. Social sciences are subjective. Personal bias will creep into interpretations.

3. Scientific facts are universal. Scientific knowledge is based on verifiable facts using certain methods that may be checked by anyone and may be made use of anywhere. Social facts are only relevant within specific contexts. (i.e.), they often vary from one society to another. Further, social facts undergo change over a period of time. E.g.) Child Marriage is less prevalent now than in the past. Also, it is more prevalent in rural India than urban India

4. Science is based on observation, measurement and experimentation. A social scientist cannot conduct an experiment inside a laboratory. Based on several studies carried out in different societies, the social scientist draws general trends and generalizations. These trends and generalizations are then used to develop theories