unit-3-emergence-of-the-modern-world

Unit-3 Emergence Of The Modern World

In this unit we introduce the study of a very crucial period in human history in which the foundations of the modem world were laid.

Discuss in brief the factors which helped in the introduction of capitalist economy in Europe?




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Written on Apr 15, 2019 1:15:06 PM

Factors which helped in the introduction of capitalist economy are as follows:

  • With the introduction of the Putting Out system, their independence declined.
  • The merchant, under this system, would bring the master craftsmen the raw materials, the craftsmen would work with their tools as before in their homes, and the produce would be taken away by the merchant who had supplied them with the raw materials.
  • Thus, in effect, unlike before, the craftsmen did not own what they Modern World produced.
  • They were increasingly reduced to the position of wage-earners, except that they still owned the tools used by them and worked at home.
  • Subsequently, this system gave way to the factory system under which production was carried out in buildings owned by the capitalist with the help of machines owned by the capitalist.
  • The workers, owning nothing, worked only for wages. In industries which required large investments such as mining and metal-working, the capitalist system in which some people owned the raw materials, the tools and machines and the products and the workers worked only for a wage came into being early.
  • This period saw a tremendous expansion of manufacturers.
  • It was accompanied by a growing social differentiation in towns and the emergence of the working class.
  • Just as there were peasant revolts in different parts of Europe I towards the decline of feudalism, there were also uprisings by the city poor in this age of rising capitalism.