Accounting is the systematic and comprehensive recording of financial transactions pertaining to a business. Accounting also refers to the process of summarizing, analyzing and reporting these transactions to oversight agencies, regulators and tax collection entities. The financial statements that summarize a large company's operations, financial position and cash flows over a particular period are a concise summary of hundreds of thousands of financial transactions it may have entered into over this period.
Accounting involves a series of activities, as listed out in the scope of accounting. These activities are : (1) identifying, (2) measuring, (3) recording, (4) classifying, (5) summarizing, (6) analyzing, (7) interpreting, and (8) communicating, the financial transactions and events.