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Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension: English Reading Comprehension Exercises with Answers, Sample Passages for Reading Comprehension Test for GRE, CAT, IELTS preparation

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English Reading Comprehension Test Questions and Answers. Improve your ability to read and comprehend English Passages

Q36. > Imagine yourself in an Indian city where every home is connected to > internet, gas, water and electricity via a smart grid. All citizens > are linked to each other and to civic facilities in real time. The > city uses renewable energy and its transport systems are controlled > via central command centres to reduce traffic and pollution. In this > city, there are no offensive smells, no noise, no dust, no heaving > crowds. It is a smart city, the ideal city. And it exists: on paper. > Its name is Dholera, and it is a key part of what you might call > India’s 21st-century utopian urban experiment. Economists argue that > the country desperately needs new cities: its urban population is > expected to rise from 28% in 2001 to almost 36% in 2026, bringing the > total number of people living in its cities and urban regions to 590 > million. > > To accommodate this growth, suggests a McKinsey report, India will > need 20 to 30 new cities in the next decade alone. The state’s > solution has been to push for 24 new “smart cities” along high-speed > regional transport networks. Dholera is one of these. At 903 sq km, it > would be twice the size of Mumbai. It is planned in the “influence > zone” of a mega-infrastructure project, the Delhi-Mumbai industrial > corridor, which will link India’s political capital Delhi with its > economic capital Mumbai, and therefore, so the thinking goes, spur > economic growth in the region. The Dholera that actually exists, > however, is something else entirely. A casual visitor might see the > small sign along the highway pointing in the direction of Dholera. But > they might also, if they take the turn-off, be disappointed: for > several months of the year, they will find a vast, low-lying area, > mostly submerged under seawater. The rest of the year, they will see > the classic cracked-earth look of salt flats. Dotting this landscape > are farm buildings, village huts and small reservoirs storing > rainwater that is used to irrigate fields of cumin, millet, wheat and > cotton. They will see a vast landscape with about 40,000 people living > in an ecological region that loses 1cm of its coastline to the sea > every day. They might then understand that Dholera is not yet a > “place”: it is still a terrain of possibilities. > > P M Modi has declared Dholera and other proposed smart cities in the > region to be “building blocks of a global Gujarat”, envisioned on the > lines of Shanghai. And to make sure it happens, he shepherded in a new > Special Investment Region (SIR) Act in March 2009. The act gives more > power to the state to acquire land for building smart cities like > Dholera. Another scenario is that Dholera is significantly downsized > due to a lack of investors and stripped of its “smart” credentials, to > become just another industrial township along the Delhi-Mumbai > corridor. It becomes one of those backdoor cities to India’s > urbanisation and economic growth, where polluting industries are > located to keep them away from Delhi and Mumbai. It remains, in other > words, a far cry from the smart city presented in the glossy marketing > images. According to the author, smart city project is imagined on the model of-

  1.  Singapore
  2.  Shanghai
  3.  Japan
  4.  Russia
  5.  None of these.

Solution : Shanghai
Q37. > India is a great book producing nation and has a vibrant world of > book publishing spread throughout the vast country in a number of > modern languages most of which have their roots in Sanskrit, the > mother of Indian languages. In terms of numbers, there are more than > 16,000 publishers in India publishing 90,000 titles annually in 24 > languages, out of which 18 are highly developed, to fulfill the needs > of this multilingual nation. These languages have a galaxy of good > authors, their own publishers and readers of books within their own > area as well as spread out in the entire country. Today Indian > publishing is one of the greatest in the world and can be counted > among the first seven publishing nations. > > We are the third largest publishers of English language Books after > the US and UK. India is the third biggest market for English > publications with almost 12,000 publishers that publish around 90,000 > titles a year in more than 18 languages. India’s main publishing is in > the Indian languages. In India, every year a world level Book fair is > held in New Delhi, which is India’s oldest book fair. Delhi Book Fair > is playing a pivotal role in reiterating the might of the pen and the > printed word and has come to be recognized as the biggest annual > cultural event and book bonanza keenly awaited by students, teachers, > scholars, authors, intellectuals, librarians and book lovers. First > New Delhi World Book Fair was held in around 6790 sq meter area with > 200 participants from March 18 to April 4, 1972. It was inaugurated by > Sh VV Giri President of India. This biennial event takes place in > early February, and is organised by the National Book Trust, India > (NBT). Delhi Book Fair has evolved over the years as a highly popular > conduit to the world of books and publishers and distributors. The > ever increasing numbers of visitors and exhibitors speaks volumes of > its success. The fair provides a unique platform for > business-to-business transactions, establishing new contacts, entering > into co-publishing arrangements, translation and copyright > arrangements, reprinting of old and rare books. The visitor profile at > the fair includes national and International publishers, librarians, > researchers, academicians, writers, students and book lovers. > Publishers also introduced “e-Books” in this fair. The focus is being > given especially keeping in mind the increasing number of IT-savvy > younger generation with a penchant for internet, mobile phones and > other reader-friendly digital gizmos. > > E-books and e-publishing both have their obvious advantages though > authors in India have only just begun to realise the immense benefits > digital technology can be of in this field. Also, with the country > being the third biggest publisher — after the US and UK — the > potential in this field is immense and the response too has been quite > encouraging so far with a lot of publishers already showing interest > in e-publishing. E-publishing is a boon for both established and > wannabe writers as it is cost effective and cuts down the time it take > for a book to reach markets to about a fourth of what it would have > taken had it been left to publishers to do the job. Other benefits > include authors now have a world wide audience to their book which > means better business while debugging or carrying out revisions too is > a lot less hazardous. Another interesting development to have occurred > in recent times is the launch of Amazon e-book store in the country as > well as the availability of the Kindle range of e-book readers. > Needless to say, a direct fallout of the renewed push that e-book are > getting is increased sale of e-book readers and tablet devices. What do you understand by 'E-books' ?

  1.  An electronic version of only online magazines and books of foreign writers.
  2.  An electronic version of a printed book.
  3.  A shortened form of a printed book.
  4.  Both 2 and 3
  5.  None of these

Solution : An electronic version of a printed book.

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Q38. > India is a great book producing nation and has a vibrant world of book > publishing spread throughout the vast country in a number of modern > languages most of which have their roots in Sanskrit, the mother of > Indian languages. In terms of numbers, there are more than 16,000 > publishers in India publishing 90,000 titles annually in 24 languages, > out of which 18 are highly developed, to fulfill the needs of this > multilingual nation. These languages have a galaxy of good authors, > their own publishers and readers of books within their own area as > well as spread out in the entire country. Today Indian publishing is > one of the greatest in the world and can be counted among the first > seven publishing nations. > > We are the third largest publishers of English language Books after > the US and UK. India is the third biggest market for English > publications with almost 12,000 publishers that publish around 90,000 > titles a year in more than 18 languages. India’s main publishing is in > the Indian languages. In India, every year a world level Book fair is > held in New Delhi, which is India’s oldest book fair. Delhi Book Fair > is playing a pivotal role in reiterating the might of the pen and the > printed word and has come to be recognized as the biggest annual > cultural event and book bonanza keenly awaited by students, teachers, > scholars, authors, intellectuals, librarians and book lovers. First > New Delhi World Book Fair was held in around 6790 sq meter area with > 200 participants from March 18 to April 4, 1972. It was inaugurated by > Sh VV Giri President of India. This biennial event takes place in > early February, and is organised by the National Book Trust, India > (NBT). Delhi Book Fair has evolved over the years as a highly popular > conduit to the world of books and publishers and distributors. The > ever increasing numbers of visitors and exhibitors speaks volumes of > its success. The fair provides a unique platform for > business-to-business transactions, establishing new contacts, entering > into co-publishing arrangements, translation and copyright > arrangements, reprinting of old and rare books. The visitor profile at > the fair includes national and International publishers, librarians, > researchers, academicians, writers, students and book lovers. > Publishers also introduced “e-Books” in this fair. The focus is being > given especially keeping in mind the increasing number of IT-savvy > younger generation with a penchant for internet, mobile phones and > other reader-friendly digital gizmos. > > E-books and e-publishing both have their obvious advantages though > authors in India have only just begun to realise the immense benefits > digital technology can be of in this field. Also, with the country > being the third biggest publisher — after the US and UK — the > potential in this field is immense and the response too has been quite > encouraging so far with a lot of publishers already showing interest > in e-publishing. E-publishing is a boon for both established and > wannabe writers as it is cost effective and cuts down the time it take > for a book to reach markets to about a fourth of what it would have > taken had it been left to publishers to do the job. Other benefits > include authors now have a world wide audience to their book which > means better business while debugging or carrying out revisions too is > a lot less hazardous. Another interesting development to have occurred > in recent times is the launch of Amazon e-book store in the country as > well as the availability of the Kindle range of e-book readers. > Needless to say, a direct fallout of the renewed push that e-book are > getting is increased sale of e-book readers and tablet devices. In which of the following language are India's main epics available ?

  1.  Hindi
  2.  Urdu
  3.  Sanskrit
  4.  Bilingual i.e in Hindi and English
  5.  None of these

Solution : Sanskrit
Q39. > Imagine yourself in an Indian city where every home is connected to > internet, gas, water and electricity via a smart grid. All citizens > are linked to each other and to civic facilities in real time. The > city uses renewable energy and its transport systems are controlled > via central command centres to reduce traffic and pollution. In this > city, there are no offensive smells, no noise, no dust, no heaving > crowds. It is a smart city, the ideal city. And it exists: on paper. > Its name is Dholera, and it is a key part of what you might call > India’s 21st-century utopian urban experiment. Economists argue that > the country desperately needs new cities: its urban population is > expected to rise from 28% in 2001 to almost 36% in 2026, bringing the > total number of people living in its cities and urban regions to 590 > million. > > To accommodate this growth, suggests a McKinsey report, India will > need 20 to 30 new cities in the next decade alone. The state’s > solution has been to push for 24 new “smart cities” along high-speed > regional transport networks. Dholera is one of these. At 903 sq km, it > would be twice the size of Mumbai. It is planned in the “influence > zone” of a mega-infrastructure project, the Delhi-Mumbai industrial > corridor, which will link India’s political capital Delhi with its > economic capital Mumbai, and therefore, so the thinking goes, spur > economic growth in the region. The Dholera that actually exists, > however, is something else entirely. A casual visitor might see the > small sign along the highway pointing in the direction of Dholera. But > they might also, if they take the turn-off, be disappointed: for > several months of the year, they will find a vast, low-lying area, > mostly submerged under seawater. The rest of the year, they will see > the classic cracked-earth look of salt flats. Dotting this landscape > are farm buildings, village huts and small reservoirs storing > rainwater that is used to irrigate fields of cumin, millet, wheat and > cotton. They will see a vast landscape with about 40,000 people living > in an ecological region that loses 1cm of its coastline to the sea > every day. They might then understand that Dholera is not yet a > “place”: it is still a terrain of possibilities. > > P M Modi has declared Dholera and other proposed smart cities in the > region to be “building blocks of a global Gujarat”, envisioned on the > lines of Shanghai. And to make sure it happens, he shepherded in a new > Special Investment Region (SIR) Act in March 2009. The act gives more > power to the state to acquire land for building smart cities like > Dholera. Another scenario is that Dholera is significantly downsized > due to a lack of investors and stripped of its “smart” credentials, to > become just another industrial township along the Delhi-Mumbai > corridor. It becomes one of those backdoor cities to India’s > urbanisation and economic growth, where polluting industries are > located to keep them away from Delhi and Mumbai. It remains, in other > words, a far cry from the smart city presented in the glossy marketing > images. According to the passage, which of the following is/are true about the features of smart cities in India?

  1.  A smart city is an urban region that is highly advanced terms of overall infrastructure, sustainable real estate, communication and market viability.
  2.  It is a city where information technology is the principal infrastructure and the basis for providing essential services to residents.
  3.  There are many technological platform involved including automated sensor networks and data centres.
  4.  All of the above
  5.  None of these

Solution : All of the above

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Q40. > Imagine yourself in an Indian city where every home is connected to > internet, gas, water and electricity via a smart grid. All citizens > are linked to each other and to civic facilities in real time. The > city uses renewable energy and its transport systems are controlled > via central command centres to reduce traffic and pollution. In this > city, there are no offensive smells, no noise, no dust, no heaving > crowds. It is a smart city, the ideal city. And it exists: on paper. > Its name is Dholera, and it is a key part of what you might call > India’s 21st-century utopian urban experiment. Economists argue that > the country desperately needs new cities: its urban population is > expected to rise from 28% in 2001 to almost 36% in 2026, bringing the > total number of people living in its cities and urban regions to 590 > million. > > To accommodate this growth, suggests a McKinsey report, India will > need 20 to 30 new cities in the next decade alone. The state’s > solution has been to push for 24 new “smart cities” along high-speed > regional transport networks. Dholera is one of these. At 903 sq km, it > would be twice the size of Mumbai. It is planned in the “influence > zone” of a mega-infrastructure project, the Delhi-Mumbai industrial > corridor, which will link India’s political capital Delhi with its > economic capital Mumbai, and therefore, so the thinking goes, spur > economic growth in the region. The Dholera that actually exists, > however, is something else entirely. A casual visitor might see the > small sign along the highway pointing in the direction of Dholera. But > they might also, if they take the turn-off, be disappointed: for > several months of the year, they will find a vast, low-lying area, > mostly submerged under seawater. The rest of the year, they will see > the classic cracked-earth look of salt flats. Dotting this landscape > are farm buildings, village huts and small reservoirs storing > rainwater that is used to irrigate fields of cumin, millet, wheat and > cotton. They will see a vast landscape with about 40,000 people living > in an ecological region that loses 1cm of its coastline to the sea > every day. They might then understand that Dholera is not yet a > “place”: it is still a terrain of possibilities. > > P M Modi has declared Dholera and other proposed smart cities in the > region to be “building blocks of a global Gujarat”, envisioned on the > lines of Shanghai. And to make sure it happens, he shepherded in a new > Special Investment Region (SIR) Act in March 2009. The act gives more > power to the state to acquire land for building smart cities like > Dholera. Another scenario is that Dholera is significantly downsized > due to a lack of investors and stripped of its “smart” credentials, to > become just another industrial township along the Delhi-Mumbai > corridor. It becomes one of those backdoor cities to India’s > urbanisation and economic growth, where polluting industries are > located to keep them away from Delhi and Mumbai. It remains, in other > words, a far cry from the smart city presented in the glossy marketing > images. What does the author mean by the term 'Influence Zone'.

  1.  The maximum extension of the area of influenced.
  2.  It will depend on the particular area.
  3.  The area which is covered by greenery.
  4.  An ellipse inscribed in the cross section
  5.  None of these

Solution : The maximum extension of the area of influenced.
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  1.  

Solution :

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