statements,-assumptions,-arguments-and-conclusions

Statements, Assumptions, Arguments and Conclusions

Statements, Assumptions, Arguments and Conclusions: Critical Reasoning Questions. Tricks on how to solve critical Reasoning questions

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Online Logical Reasoning Test Questions with Answers on Statements, Assumptions, Arguments and Conclusions

Q231. Some groups want to outlaw burning the flag. They say that people have fought and died for the flag and that citizens of the United States ought to respect that. But I say that respect cannot be leg-islated. Also, most citizens who have served in the military did not fight for the flag, they fought for what the flag represents. Among the things the flag represents is freedom of speech, which includes, I believe, the right for a citizen to express displeasure with the government by burning the flag in protest. Which of the following best expresses the main point of the passage?

  1.  Only veterans care about the flag-burning issue.
  2.  Flag burning almost never happens, so outlawing it is a waste of time.
  3.  Flag burning will be a very important issue in the next election.
  4.  To outlaw flag burning is to outlaw what the flag represents.
  5.  Burning the flag should only be illegal when it is done in foreign countries.

Solution : To outlaw flag burning is to outlaw what the flag represents.
Q232. Giving children computers in grade school is a waste of money and teachers time. These children are too young to learn how to use computers effectively and need to spend time on learning the basics, like arithmetic and reading. After all, a baby has to crawl before she can walk. Which of the following, if true, would strengthen the speaker's argument?

  1.  studies showing computers are expensive
  2.  research on the effect of computer games on children
  3.  examples of high school students who use computers improperly
  4.  proof that the cost of computers is coming down
  5.  evidence that using computers makes learning to read difficult

Solution : evidence that using computers makes learning to read difficult

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Q233. Giving children computers in grade school is a waste of money and teachers time. These children are too young to learn how to use computers effectively and need to spend time on learning the basics, like arithmetic and reading. After all, a baby has to crawl before she can walk. Which of the following, if true, would weaken the speaker's argument?

  1.  a demonstration that computers can be used to teach reading and arithmetic
  2.  analysis of the cost-effectiveness of new computers versus repairing old computers
  3.  examples of adults who do not know how to use computers
  4.  recent grade reports of students in the computer classes
  5.  a visit to a classroom where computers are being used

Solution : a demonstration that computers can be used to teach reading and arithmetic
Q234. Giving children computers in grade school is a waste of money and teachers time. These children are too young to learn how to use computers effectively and need to spend time on learning the basics, like arithmetic and reading. After all, a baby has to crawl before she can walk. Which of the following methods of argument is used in the previous passage?

  1.  a specific example that illustrates the speaker's point
  2.  attacking the beliefs of those who disagree with the speaker
  3.  relying on an analogy to prove the speaker's point
  4.  displaying statistics that back up the speaker's point
  5.  comparing different methods of learning

Solution : relying on an analogy to prove the speaker's point

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Q235. Quinn: Our state is considering raising the age at which a person can get a driver's license to eighteen. This is unfair because the age has been sixteen for many years and sixteen-year-olds today are no less responsible than their parents and grandparents were at sixteen.Many young people today who are fourteen and fifteen years old are preparing to receive their licenses by driving with a learner's permit and a licensed driver, usually one of their parents. It would not be fair to suddenly say they have to wait two more years. Dakota: It is true that people have been allowed to receive a drivers license at sixteen for generations. However, in recent years, the increase in traffic means drivers face more dangers than ever and must be ready to respond to a variety of situations. The fact that schools can no longer afford to teach drivers education results in too many young drivers who are not prepared to face the traffic conditions of today. What is the point at issue between Quinn and Dakota?

  1.  whether sixteen-year-olds should be required to take drivers education before being issued a license
  2.  whether schools ought to provide drivers education to fourteen- and fifteen-year-old students
  3.  whether the standards for issuing drivers licenses should become more stringent
  4.  whether sixteen-year-olds are prepared to drive in today's traffic conditions
  5.  whether parents are able to do a good job teaching their children to drive

Solution : whether sixteen-year-olds are prepared to drive in today's traffic conditions
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