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Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension: English Reading Comprehension Exercises with Answers, Sample Passages for Reading Comprehension Test for GRE, CAT, IELTS preparation

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English Reading Comprehension Test Questions and Answers. Improve your ability to read and comprehend English Passages

Q176. > The subject “Good Governance” is both topical and timely. It is an > axiom of political science that a State comes into being for life but > it exists for good life. The duty of the state is not only to protect > life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a > measure of physical and mental comfort. Democracy is a government by > the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are > responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent > them in national affairs. In colonial administration the government > was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the > consent and concurrence of the people. This old concept still persists > in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is > the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the > contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be > conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of > their caste and religious fraternity. In mature democracies, a person > who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor, seldom gets > re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by > the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was > in the Congress Government and immediately thereafter in the Janata > Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and > came once again into the Congress Government! The electorate votes for > a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and bemoans that the country has a > bad government. The electorate does not realise that even as it > contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to > the country’s governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous > promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free > electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax > concessions, subsidies and incentives oblivious of the fact that they > are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on > themselves. Besides, in a true democracy, the people voluntarily > observe the laws, rules and regulations as they are forged by > themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% > of the people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state > is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed > with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no > organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced > countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of > compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be > complied with by almost 100% of the people. Which of the following is supposed to be the most relevant duty of the state?

  1.  to ensure sovereignty of the region
  2.  to ensure prosperity of the region
  3.  to look after the welfare of its people
  4.  to develop better terms with other nations
  5.  None of these

Solution : to look after the welfare of its people
Q177. > The subject “Good Governance” is both topical and timely. It is an > axiom of political science that a State comes into being for life but > it exists for good life. The duty of the state is not only to protect > life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a > measure of physical and mental comfort. Democracy is a government by > the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are > responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent > them in national affairs. In colonial administration the government > was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the > consent and concurrence of the people. This old concept still persists > in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is > the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the > contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be > conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of > their caste and religious fraternity. In mature democracies, a person > who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor, seldom gets > re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by > the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was > in the Congress Government and immediately thereafter in the Janata > Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and > came once again into the Congress Government! The electorate votes for > a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and bemoans that the country has a > bad government. The electorate does not realise that even as it > contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to > the country’s governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous > promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free > electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax > concessions, subsidies and incentives oblivious of the fact that they > are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on > themselves. Besides, in a true democracy, the people voluntarily > observe the laws, rules and regulations as they are forged by > themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% > of the people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state > is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed > with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no > organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced > countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of > compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be > complied with by almost 100% of the people. What is the basic difference between democracy and colonial rule?

  1.  In a democracy, people’s will prevails, whereas in a colonial rule, ruler’s will prevails.
  2.  Democracy is a rule by different parties whereas a colonial rule is a single-party rule.
  3.  Democracy can be opposed by the people but such is not the case with colonial rule.
  4.  A colonial rule can be converted into a democracy but the same cannot happen with a democracy.
  5.  None of these

Solution : In a democracy, people’s will prevails, whereas in a colonial rule, ruler’s will prevails.

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Q178. > The subject “Good Governance” is both topical and timely. It is an > axiom of political science that a State comes into being for life but > it exists for good life. The duty of the state is not only to protect > life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a > measure of physical and mental comfort. Democracy is a government by > the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are > responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent > them in national affairs. In colonial administration the government > was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the > consent and concurrence of the people. This old concept still persists > in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is > the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the > contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be > conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of > their caste and religious fraternity. In mature democracies, a person > who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor, seldom gets > re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by > the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was > in the Congress Government and immediately thereafter in the Janata > Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and > came once again into the Congress Government! The electorate votes for > a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and bemoans that the country has a > bad government. The electorate does not realise that even as it > contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to > the country’s governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous > promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free > electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax > concessions, subsidies and incentives oblivious of the fact that they > are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on > themselves. Besides, in a true democracy, the people voluntarily > observe the laws, rules and regulations as they are forged by > themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% > of the people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state > is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed > with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no > organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced > countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of > compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be > complied with by almost 100% of the people. If the people want to have a responsible government in a democracy

  1.  hey must call for free and fair elections.
  2.  they should take charge of the elections.
  3.  they should elect educated and experienced representatives.
  4.  they should look for single-party rule.
  5.  they should elect desirable candidates.

Solution : they should elect desirable candidates.
Q179. > The subject “Good Governance” is both topical and timely. It is an > axiom of political science that a State comes into being for life but > it exists for good life. The duty of the state is not only to protect > life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a > measure of physical and mental comfort. Democracy is a government by > the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are > responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent > them in national affairs. In colonial administration the government > was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the > consent and concurrence of the people. This old concept still persists > in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is > the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the > contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be > conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of > their caste and religious fraternity. In mature democracies, a person > who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor, seldom gets > re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by > the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was > in the Congress Government and immediately thereafter in the Janata > Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and > came once again into the Congress Government! The electorate votes for > a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and bemoans that the country has a > bad government. The electorate does not realise that even as it > contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to > the country’s governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous > promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free > electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax > concessions, subsidies and incentives oblivious of the fact that they > are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on > themselves. Besides, in a true democracy, the people voluntarily > observe the laws, rules and regulations as they are forged by > themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% > of the people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state > is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed > with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no > organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced > countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of > compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be > complied with by almost 100% of the people. Why does a person changing his party find it hard to get re-elected in mature democracies?

  1.  Because political parties suspect his fidelity.
  2.  Because he loses his image in the political circle.
  3.  Because his eligibility for fighting elections gets questioned.
  4.  Because he has to depend upon the stand of his new party.
  5.  None of these

Solution : None of these

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Q180. > The subject “Good Governance” is both topical and timely. It is an > axiom of political science that a State comes into being for life but > it exists for good life. The duty of the state is not only to protect > life and liberty but goes further, to enable the people to live in a > measure of physical and mental comfort. Democracy is a government by > the citizens themselves. The people should realise that they are > responsible for choosing the right and proper persons to represent > them in national affairs. In colonial administration the government > was different from the people. Those governments ruled but without the > consent and concurrence of the people. This old concept still persists > in the masses today. They do not realise that the general election is > the occasion for them to choose a government for themselves. On the > contrary, the masses feel that the franchise is a patronage to be > conferred on their kith and kin, or the local candidate, or one of > their caste and religious fraternity. In mature democracies, a person > who changes his party affiliation or crosses the floor, seldom gets > re-elected by the electorate. They do not trust him to stand firm by > the policies and programmes proposed by him. In India a person who was > in the Congress Government and immediately thereafter in the Janata > Government and then in Chandrashekhar Government was re-elected and > came once again into the Congress Government! The electorate votes for > a criminal or a corrupt candidate, and bemoans that the country has a > bad government. The electorate does not realise that even as it > contributes to its own household expenditure, it has to contribute to > the country’s governance. It is easily misled by the unscrupulous > promises of political parties of free food, free clothes, free > electricity, free everything. Even enlightened people plead for tax > concessions, subsidies and incentives oblivious of the fact that they > are met by borrowings which in turn impose burdens indirectly on > themselves. Besides, in a true democracy, the people voluntarily > observe the laws, rules and regulations as they are forged by > themselves in the interest of good governance. It is only because 90% > of the people abide by the laws and 10% transgress them that the state > is able to maintain order and harmony. If the situation were reversed > with 90% transgressing the law and 10% abiding by it, there can be no > organised society, no peace and harmony. Some of the advanced > countries, notably Switzerland, have perhaps the highest degree of > compliance. A mere board stating that the road is closed will be > complied with by almost 100% of the people. In a country like India, who is mainly responsible for good or bad governance?

  1.  The system of electing our representatives
  2.  The political parties
  3.  The voters
  4.  The political party in power
  5.  None of these

Solution : The voters
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