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Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension: English Reading Comprehension Exercises with Answers, Sample Passages for Reading Comprehension Test for GRE, CAT, IELTS preparation

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English Reading Comprehension Test Questions and Answers. Improve your ability to read and comprehend English Passages

Q381. > Promotion of a digital economy is an integral part of Government’s > strategy to clean the system and weed out corruption and black money. > It has a transformative impact in terms of greater formalisation of > the economy and mainstreaming of financial savings into the banking > system. This, in turn, is expected to energise private investment in > the country through lower cost of credit. India is now on the cusp of > a massive digital revolution. A shift to digital payments has huge > benefits for the common man. The earlier initiative of our Government > to promote financial inclusion and the JAM trinity were important > precursors to our current push for digital transactions. Already there > is evidence of increased digital transactions. The BHIM app has been > launched. It will unleash the power of mobile phones for digital > payments and financial inclusion. 125 lakh people have adopted the > BHIM app so far. The Government will launch two new schemes to promote > the usage of BHIM; these are, Referral Bonus Scheme for individuals > and a Cashback Scheme for merchants. Aadhar Pay, a merchant version > of Aadhar Enabled Payment System, will be launched shortly. This will > be specifically beneficial for those who do not have debit cards, > mobile wallets and mobile phones. A Mission will be set up with a > target of 2,500 crore digital transactions for 2017-18 through UPI, > USSD, Aadhar Pay, IMPS and debit cards. Banks have targeted to > introduce additional 10 lakh new PoS terminals by March 2017. They > will be encouraged to introduce 20 lakh Aadhar based PoS by September > 2017. Increased digital transactions will enable small and micro enterprises to access formal credit. Government will encourage SIDBI > to refinance credit institutions which provide unsecured loans, at > reasonable interest rates, to borrowers based on their transaction > history. The digital payment infrastructure and grievance handling > mechanisms shall be strengthened. The focus would be on rural and semi > urban areas through Post Offices, Fair Price Shops and Banking > Correspondents. Steps would be taken to promote and possibly mandate > petrol pumps, fertilizer depots, municipalities, Block offices, road > transport offices, universities, colleges, hospitals and other > institutions to have facilities for digital payments, including BHIM > App. A proposal to mandate all Government receipts through digital > means, beyond a prescribed limit, is under consideration. Government > will strengthen the Financial Inclusion Fund to augment resources for > taking up these initiatives. Government will consider and work with > various stakeholders for early implementation of the interim > recommendations of the Committee of Chief Ministers on digital > transactions. The Committee on Digital Payments constituted by > Department of Economic Affairs has recommended structural reforms in > the payment eco system, including amendments to the Payment and > Settlement Systems Act,2007. Government will undertake a comprehensive > review of this Act and bring about appropriate amendments. To begin > with, it is proposed to create a Payments Regulatory Board in the > Reserve Bank of India by replacing the existing Board for Regulation > and Supervision of Payment and Settlement Systems. Necessary > amendments are proposed to this effect in the Finance Bill 2017. As we > move faster on the path of digital transactions and cheque payments, > we need to ensure that the payees of dishonoured cheques are able to > realise the payments. Government is therefore considering the option > of amending the Negotiable Instruments Act suitably. What is the aim of digital economy according to this passage?

  1.  to earn money in digits
  2.  to energise private investment in the country through lower cost of credit.
  3.  an economy where people borrow from government.
  4.  a system that checks hawala money.
  5.  None of the above

Solution : to energise private investment in the country through lower cost of credit.
Q382. > Promotion of a digital economy is an integral part of Government’s > strategy to clean the system and weed out corruption and black money. > It has a transformative impact in terms of greater formalisation of > the economy and mainstreaming of financial savings into the banking > system. This, in turn, is expected to energise private investment in > the country through lower cost of credit. India is now on the cusp of > a massive digital revolution. A shift to digital payments has huge > benefits for the common man. The earlier initiative of our Government > to promote financial inclusion and the JAM trinity were important > precursors to our current push for digital transactions. Already there > is evidence of increased digital transactions. The BHIM app has been > launched. It will unleash the power of mobile phones for digital > payments and financial inclusion. 125 lakh people have adopted the > BHIM app so far. The Government will launch two new schemes to promote > the usage of BHIM; these are, Referral Bonus Scheme for individuals > and a Cashback Scheme for merchants. Aadhar Pay, a merchant version > of Aadhar Enabled Payment System, will be launched shortly. This will > be specifically beneficial for those who do not have debit cards, > mobile wallets and mobile phones. A Mission will be set up with a > target of 2,500 crore digital transactions for 2017-18 through UPI, > USSD, Aadhar Pay, IMPS and debit cards. Banks have targeted to > introduce additional 10 lakh new PoS terminals by March 2017. They > will be encouraged to introduce 20 lakh Aadhar based PoS by September > 2017. Increased digital transactions will enable small and micro enterprises to access formal credit. Government will encourage SIDBI > to refinance credit institutions which provide unsecured loans, at > reasonable interest rates, to borrowers based on their transaction > history. The digital payment infrastructure and grievance handling > mechanisms shall be strengthened. The focus would be on rural and semi > urban areas through Post Offices, Fair Price Shops and Banking > Correspondents. Steps would be taken to promote and possibly mandate > petrol pumps, fertilizer depots, municipalities, Block offices, road > transport offices, universities, colleges, hospitals and other > institutions to have facilities for digital payments, including BHIM > App. A proposal to mandate all Government receipts through digital > means, beyond a prescribed limit, is under consideration. Government > will strengthen the Financial Inclusion Fund to augment resources for > taking up these initiatives. Government will consider and work with > various stakeholders for early implementation of the interim > recommendations of the Committee of Chief Ministers on digital > transactions. The Committee on Digital Payments constituted by > Department of Economic Affairs has recommended structural reforms in > the payment eco system, including amendments to the Payment and > Settlement Systems Act,2007. Government will undertake a comprehensive > review of this Act and bring about appropriate amendments. To begin > with, it is proposed to create a Payments Regulatory Board in the > Reserve Bank of India by replacing the existing Board for Regulation > and Supervision of Payment and Settlement Systems. Necessary > amendments are proposed to this effect in the Finance Bill 2017. As we > move faster on the path of digital transactions and cheque payments, > we need to ensure that the payees of dishonoured cheques are able to > realise the payments. Government is therefore considering the option > of amending the Negotiable Instruments Act suitably. How many additional new PoS terminals will be introduced by Banks till March 2017.

  1.  20 lakh
  2.  5 lakh
  3.  15 lakh
  4.  10 lakh
  5.  None of the above

Solution : 10 lakh

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Q383. > Promotion of a digital economy is an integral part of Government’s > strategy to clean the system and weed out corruption and black money. > It has a transformative impact in terms of greater formalisation of > the economy and mainstreaming of financial savings into the banking > system. This, in turn, is expected to energise private investment in > the country through lower cost of credit. India is now on the cusp of > a massive digital revolution. A shift to digital payments has huge > benefits for the common man. The earlier initiative of our Government > to promote financial inclusion and the JAM trinity were important > precursors to our current push for digital transactions. Already there > is evidence of increased digital transactions. The BHIM app has been > launched. It will unleash the power of mobile phones for digital > payments and financial inclusion. 125 lakh people have adopted the > BHIM app so far. The Government will launch two new schemes to promote > the usage of BHIM; these are, Referral Bonus Scheme for individuals > and a Cashback Scheme for merchants. Aadhar Pay, a merchant version > of Aadhar Enabled Payment System, will be launched shortly. This will > be specifically beneficial for those who do not have debit cards, > mobile wallets and mobile phones. A Mission will be set up with a > target of 2,500 crore digital transactions for 2017-18 through UPI, > USSD, Aadhar Pay, IMPS and debit cards. Banks have targeted to > introduce additional 10 lakh new PoS terminals by March 2017. They > will be encouraged to introduce 20 lakh Aadhar based PoS by September > 2017. Increased digital transactions will enable small and micro enterprises to access formal credit. Government will encourage SIDBI > to refinance credit institutions which provide unsecured loans, at > reasonable interest rates, to borrowers based on their transaction > history. The digital payment infrastructure and grievance handling > mechanisms shall be strengthened. The focus would be on rural and semi > urban areas through Post Offices, Fair Price Shops and Banking > Correspondents. Steps would be taken to promote and possibly mandate > petrol pumps, fertilizer depots, municipalities, Block offices, road > transport offices, universities, colleges, hospitals and other > institutions to have facilities for digital payments, including BHIM > App. A proposal to mandate all Government receipts through digital > means, beyond a prescribed limit, is under consideration. Government > will strengthen the Financial Inclusion Fund to augment resources for > taking up these initiatives. Government will consider and work with > various stakeholders for early implementation of the interim > recommendations of the Committee of Chief Ministers on digital > transactions. The Committee on Digital Payments constituted by > Department of Economic Affairs has recommended structural reforms in > the payment eco system, including amendments to the Payment and > Settlement Systems Act,2007. Government will undertake a comprehensive > review of this Act and bring about appropriate amendments. To begin > with, it is proposed to create a Payments Regulatory Board in the > Reserve Bank of India by replacing the existing Board for Regulation > and Supervision of Payment and Settlement Systems. Necessary > amendments are proposed to this effect in the Finance Bill 2017. As we > move faster on the path of digital transactions and cheque payments, > we need to ensure that the payees of dishonoured cheques are able to > realise the payments. Government is therefore considering the option > of amending the Negotiable Instruments Act suitably. What is the name of the App that has provided increased digital transactions?

  1.  POCKETS
  2.  SBI BUDDY
  3.  UPI
  4.  BHIM
  5.  None of the above

Solution : BHIM
Q384. > Promotion of a digital economy is an integral part of Government’s > strategy to clean the system and weed out corruption and black money. > It has a transformative impact in terms of greater formalisation of > the economy and mainstreaming of financial savings into the banking > system. This, in turn, is expected to energise private investment in > the country through lower cost of credit. India is now on the cusp of > a massive digital revolution. A shift to digital payments has huge > benefits for the common man. The earlier initiative of our Government > to promote financial inclusion and the JAM trinity were important > precursors to our current push for digital transactions. Already there > is evidence of increased digital transactions. The BHIM app has been > launched. It will unleash the power of mobile phones for digital > payments and financial inclusion. 125 lakh people have adopted the > BHIM app so far. The Government will launch two new schemes to promote > the usage of BHIM; these are, Referral Bonus Scheme for individuals > and a Cashback Scheme for merchants. Aadhar Pay, a merchant version > of Aadhar Enabled Payment System, will be launched shortly. This will > be specifically beneficial for those who do not have debit cards, > mobile wallets and mobile phones. A Mission will be set up with a > target of 2,500 crore digital transactions for 2017-18 through UPI, > USSD, Aadhar Pay, IMPS and debit cards. Banks have targeted to > introduce additional 10 lakh new PoS terminals by March 2017. They > will be encouraged to introduce 20 lakh Aadhar based PoS by September > 2017. Increased digital transactions will enable small and micro enterprises to access formal credit. Government will encourage SIDBI > to refinance credit institutions which provide unsecured loans, at > reasonable interest rates, to borrowers based on their transaction > history. The digital payment infrastructure and grievance handling > mechanisms shall be strengthened. The focus would be on rural and semi > urban areas through Post Offices, Fair Price Shops and Banking > Correspondents. Steps would be taken to promote and possibly mandate > petrol pumps, fertilizer depots, municipalities, Block offices, road > transport offices, universities, colleges, hospitals and other > institutions to have facilities for digital payments, including BHIM > App. A proposal to mandate all Government receipts through digital > means, beyond a prescribed limit, is under consideration. Government > will strengthen the Financial Inclusion Fund to augment resources for > taking up these initiatives. Government will consider and work with > various stakeholders for early implementation of the interim > recommendations of the Committee of Chief Ministers on digital > transactions. The Committee on Digital Payments constituted by > Department of Economic Affairs has recommended structural reforms in > the payment eco system, including amendments to the Payment and > Settlement Systems Act,2007. Government will undertake a comprehensive > review of this Act and bring about appropriate amendments. To begin > with, it is proposed to create a Payments Regulatory Board in the > Reserve Bank of India by replacing the existing Board for Regulation > and Supervision of Payment and Settlement Systems. Necessary > amendments are proposed to this effect in the Finance Bill 2017. As we > move faster on the path of digital transactions and cheque payments, > we need to ensure that the payees of dishonoured cheques are able to > realise the payments. Government is therefore considering the option > of amending the Negotiable Instruments Act suitably. How many people have adopted the BHIM app so far?

  1.  125 lakh
  2.  125 crore
  3.  125 million
  4.  15 lakh
  5.  None of the above

Solution : 125 lakh

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Q385. > Promotion of a digital economy is an integral part of Government’s > strategy to clean the system and weed out corruption and black money. > It has a transformative impact in terms of greater formalisation of > the economy and mainstreaming of financial savings into the banking > system. This, in turn, is expected to energise private investment in > the country through lower cost of credit. India is now on the cusp of > a massive digital revolution. A shift to digital payments has huge > benefits for the common man. The earlier initiative of our Government > to promote financial inclusion and the JAM trinity were important > precursors to our current push for digital transactions. Already there > is evidence of increased digital transactions. The BHIM app has been > launched. It will unleash the power of mobile phones for digital > payments and financial inclusion. 125 lakh people have adopted the > BHIM app so far. The Government will launch two new schemes to promote > the usage of BHIM; these are, Referral Bonus Scheme for individuals > and a Cashback Scheme for merchants. Aadhar Pay, a merchant version > of Aadhar Enabled Payment System, will be launched shortly. This will > be specifically beneficial for those who do not have debit cards, > mobile wallets and mobile phones. A Mission will be set up with a > target of 2,500 crore digital transactions for 2017-18 through UPI, > USSD, Aadhar Pay, IMPS and debit cards. Banks have targeted to > introduce additional 10 lakh new PoS terminals by March 2017. They > will be encouraged to introduce 20 lakh Aadhar based PoS by September > 2017. Increased digital transactions will enable small and micro enterprises to access formal credit. Government will encourage SIDBI > to refinance credit institutions which provide unsecured loans, at > reasonable interest rates, to borrowers based on their transaction > history. The digital payment infrastructure and grievance handling > mechanisms shall be strengthened. The focus would be on rural and semi > urban areas through Post Offices, Fair Price Shops and Banking > Correspondents. Steps would be taken to promote and possibly mandate > petrol pumps, fertilizer depots, municipalities, Block offices, road > transport offices, universities, colleges, hospitals and other > institutions to have facilities for digital payments, including BHIM > App. A proposal to mandate all Government receipts through digital > means, beyond a prescribed limit, is under consideration. Government > will strengthen the Financial Inclusion Fund to augment resources for > taking up these initiatives. Government will consider and work with > various stakeholders for early implementation of the interim > recommendations of the Committee of Chief Ministers on digital > transactions. The Committee on Digital Payments constituted by > Department of Economic Affairs has recommended structural reforms in > the payment eco system, including amendments to the Payment and > Settlement Systems Act,2007. Government will undertake a comprehensive > review of this Act and bring about appropriate amendments. To begin > with, it is proposed to create a Payments Regulatory Board in the > Reserve Bank of India by replacing the existing Board for Regulation > and Supervision of Payment and Settlement Systems. Necessary > amendments are proposed to this effect in the Finance Bill 2017. As we > move faster on the path of digital transactions and cheque payments, > we need to ensure that the payees of dishonoured cheques are able to > realise the payments. Government is therefore considering the option > of amending the Negotiable Instruments Act suitably. Which of the following is inappropriate statement according to the given Passage?

  1.  Aadhar Pay, a merchant version of Aadhar Enabled Payment System, will be launched shortly
  2.  Digital Economy will help to weed out the corruption from the system
  3.  Government is considering the option of amending the Negotiable Instruments Act suitably.
  4.  The Increased digital transactions will disable small and micro enterprises to access formal credit.
  5.  None of the above

Solution : The Increased digital transactions will disable small and micro enterprises to access formal credit.
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Solution :

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