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Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension: English Reading Comprehension Exercises with Answers, Sample Passages for Reading Comprehension Test for GRE, CAT, IELTS preparation

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English Reading Comprehension Test Questions and Answers. Improve your ability to read and comprehend English Passages

Q391. > There are good reasons why the ‘Heart of Asia’ conference, part of a > 14-nation process begun in 2011 to facilitate the development and > security of Afghanistan, is so named. The obvious one is geographical, > as Afghanistan lies at the junction of Central, South and East Asia, > and also of the ancient trading routes from China and India to Europe. > Today it is also a focal point for the region’s biggest challenge of > terrorism; some of the far-reaching battles against al-Qaeda, Islamic > State, etc. will be decided on the battlegrounds of Afghanistan. For > India, putting terror centre stage at the Heart of Asia declaration in > Amritsar was thus timely and necessary. In tandem, Afghan President > Ashraf Ghani and Prime Minister Narendra Modi focussed their concerns > on cross-border terrorism emanating from Pakistan, something even > Pakistan’s traditional allies at the conference, including China, > Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Turkey, found difficult to counter. The case > Mr. Ghani made was clear: progress and development in Afghanistan are > meaningless and unsustainable without peace, and peace is contingent > on Pakistan ending support to terror groups such the Haqqani network > and Lashkar-e-Taiba. He dared Pakistan to use its proposed development > grant to Afghanistan to fight terror on its own soil. > > However, if every window for engagement with Pakistan is closed for > India and Afghanistan, the two countries must closely consider what > their next step will be. A lack of engagement may, in the short term, > yield some pressure on Pakistan’s leadership to act, as it did briefly > after the Pathankot attack. But in the long run it may deplete the two > countries of their limited leverage as Pakistan’s neighbours. It may, > for all the affirmations of mutual ties, also succeed in driving more > obstacles to trade between India and Afghanistan. In the past year, > the cornering of Pakistan by its South Asian neighbours has only > yielded deeper ties for Islamabad with Beijing and Moscow, pushed > Kabul closer to Central Asia, and moved New Delhi towards multilateral > groupings to the east and south. As a result, the measures India and > Afghanistan have envisaged in order to avoid Pakistan, such as land > trade from the Chabahar port and a dedicated air corridor between > Delhi and Kabul, may prove to be insufficient by the time they are put > in place, even as Afghanistan is connected more closely via a rail > line from China’s Yiwu and Tehran. The Heart of Asia process thus > remains critical to forging cooperation to realise Afghanistan’s > potential to be a vibrant Asian “hub”. What according to the author was the initial agenda for the ‘Heart of Asia’ conference?

  1.  To strategically invade the intruders of peace and to rage war against terrorism
  2.  To make Afghanistan from the Asian ‘Hub’ to the trading central between East Asia and Europe
  3.  To bring out Afghanistan’s potential as Asian ‘Hub’ and to facilitate development and security in Afghanistan.
  4.  To plan the strategy of utilizing it’s potential as the focal point of terrorism and attack Pakistan
  5.  All of the above were included in the agenda of the ‘Heart of Asia’ conference

Solution : To bring out Afghanistan’s potential as Asian ‘Hub’ and to facilitate development and security in Afghanistan.
Q392. > There are good reasons why the ‘Heart of Asia’ conference, part of a > 14-nation process begun in 2011 to facilitate the development and > security of Afghanistan, is so named. The obvious one is geographical, > as Afghanistan lies at the junction of Central, South and East Asia, > and also of the ancient trading routes from China and India to Europe. > Today it is also a focal point for the region’s biggest challenge of > terrorism; some of the far-reaching battles against al-Qaeda, Islamic > State, etc. will be decided on the battlegrounds of Afghanistan. For > India, putting terror centre stage at the Heart of Asia declaration in > Amritsar was thus timely and necessary. In tandem, Afghan President > Ashraf Ghani and Prime Minister Narendra Modi focussed their concerns > on cross-border terrorism emanating from Pakistan, something even > Pakistan’s traditional allies at the conference, including China, > Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Turkey, found difficult to counter. The case > Mr. Ghani made was clear: progress and development in Afghanistan are > meaningless and unsustainable without peace, and peace is contingent > on Pakistan ending support to terror groups such the Haqqani network > and Lashkar-e-Taiba. He dared Pakistan to use its proposed development > grant to Afghanistan to fight terror on its own soil. > > However, if every window for engagement with Pakistan is closed for > India and Afghanistan, the two countries must closely consider what > their next step will be. A lack of engagement may, in the short term, > yield some pressure on Pakistan’s leadership to act, as it did briefly > after the Pathankot attack. But in the long run it may deplete the two > countries of their limited leverage as Pakistan’s neighbours. It may, > for all the affirmations of mutual ties, also succeed in driving more > obstacles to trade between India and Afghanistan. In the past year, > the cornering of Pakistan by its South Asian neighbours has only > yielded deeper ties for Islamabad with Beijing and Moscow, pushed > Kabul closer to Central Asia, and moved New Delhi towards multilateral > groupings to the east and south. As a result, the measures India and > Afghanistan have envisaged in order to avoid Pakistan, such as land > trade from the Chabahar port and a dedicated air corridor between > Delhi and Kabul, may prove to be insufficient by the time they are put > in place, even as Afghanistan is connected more closely via a rail > line from China’s Yiwu and Tehran. The Heart of Asia process thus > remains critical to forging cooperation to realise Afghanistan’s > potential to be a vibrant Asian “hub”. In Mr. Ghani’s view, what is mandatory for sustainable development and to attain peace in Afghanistan?

  1.  To rage war again Pakistan and bring this terrorism to a full stop
  2.  To join hands with Haqqani and Lashkar-e-Taiba
  3.  India should invade Pakistan for betterment of neighbouring countries
  4.  Pakistan should end its support to terror groups
  5.  India and Afghanistan needs to cease all sorts of trade and link with Pakistan

Solution : Pakistan should end its support to terror groups

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Q393. > There are good reasons why the ‘Heart of Asia’ conference, part of a > 14-nation process begun in 2011 to facilitate the development and > security of Afghanistan, is so named. The obvious one is geographical, > as Afghanistan lies at the junction of Central, South and East Asia, > and also of the ancient trading routes from China and India to Europe. > Today it is also a focal point for the region’s biggest challenge of > terrorism; some of the far-reaching battles against al-Qaeda, Islamic > State, etc. will be decided on the battlegrounds of Afghanistan. For > India, putting terror centre stage at the Heart of Asia declaration in > Amritsar was thus timely and necessary. In tandem, Afghan President > Ashraf Ghani and Prime Minister Narendra Modi focussed their concerns > on cross-border terrorism emanating from Pakistan, something even > Pakistan’s traditional allies at the conference, including China, > Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Turkey, found difficult to counter. The case > Mr. Ghani made was clear: progress and development in Afghanistan are > meaningless and unsustainable without peace, and peace is contingent > on Pakistan ending support to terror groups such the Haqqani network > and Lashkar-e-Taiba. He dared Pakistan to use its proposed development > grant to Afghanistan to fight terror on its own soil. > > However, if every window for engagement with Pakistan is closed for > India and Afghanistan, the two countries must closely consider what > their next step will be. A lack of engagement may, in the short term, > yield some pressure on Pakistan’s leadership to act, as it did briefly > after the Pathankot attack. But in the long run it may deplete the two > countries of their limited leverage as Pakistan’s neighbours. It may, > for all the affirmations of mutual ties, also succeed in driving more > obstacles to trade between India and Afghanistan. In the past year, > the cornering of Pakistan by its South Asian neighbours has only > yielded deeper ties for Islamabad with Beijing and Moscow, pushed > Kabul closer to Central Asia, and moved New Delhi towards multilateral > groupings to the east and south. As a result, the measures India and > Afghanistan have envisaged in order to avoid Pakistan, such as land > trade from the Chabahar port and a dedicated air corridor between > Delhi and Kabul, may prove to be insufficient by the time they are put > in place, even as Afghanistan is connected more closely via a rail > line from China’s Yiwu and Tehran. The Heart of Asia process thus > remains critical to forging cooperation to realise Afghanistan’s > potential to be a vibrant Asian “hub”. According to the author; is lack of engagement with Pakistan a good option in the long run?

  1.  No, because the measures India and Afghanistan have taken may prove to be insufficient by the time they are put in place.
  2.  No, because this may lead to more trade difficulties among all countries of middle and south east Asia.
  3.  Yes, because that is the only sure shot solution to get over with terrorism.
  4.  Yes, as Pakistan is not willing to stop supporting terror groups and by secluding it with international ties, cross-border terrorism will come to a halt.
  5.  No, because China and Central Asia have other plans to deal with the situation.

Solution : No, because the measures India and Afghanistan have taken may prove to be insufficient by the time they are put in place.
Q394. > There are good reasons why the ‘Heart of Asia’ conference, part of a > 14-nation process begun in 2011 to facilitate the development and > security of Afghanistan, is so named. The obvious one is geographical, > as Afghanistan lies at the junction of Central, South and East Asia, > and also of the ancient trading routes from China and India to Europe. > Today it is also a focal point for the region’s biggest challenge of > terrorism; some of the far-reaching battles against al-Qaeda, Islamic > State, etc. will be decided on the battlegrounds of Afghanistan. For > India, putting terror centre stage at the Heart of Asia declaration in > Amritsar was thus timely and necessary. In tandem, Afghan President > Ashraf Ghani and Prime Minister Narendra Modi focussed their concerns > on cross-border terrorism emanating from Pakistan, something even > Pakistan’s traditional allies at the conference, including China, > Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Turkey, found difficult to counter. The case > Mr. Ghani made was clear: progress and development in Afghanistan are > meaningless and unsustainable without peace, and peace is contingent > on Pakistan ending support to terror groups such the Haqqani network > and Lashkar-e-Taiba. He dared Pakistan to use its proposed development > grant to Afghanistan to fight terror on its own soil. > > However, if every window for engagement with Pakistan is closed for > India and Afghanistan, the two countries must closely consider what > their next step will be. A lack of engagement may, in the short term, > yield some pressure on Pakistan’s leadership to act, as it did briefly > after the Pathankot attack. But in the long run it may deplete the two > countries of their limited leverage as Pakistan’s neighbours. It may, > for all the affirmations of mutual ties, also succeed in driving more > obstacles to trade between India and Afghanistan. In the past year, > the cornering of Pakistan by its South Asian neighbours has only > yielded deeper ties for Islamabad with Beijing and Moscow, pushed > Kabul closer to Central Asia, and moved New Delhi towards multilateral > groupings to the east and south. As a result, the measures India and > Afghanistan have envisaged in order to avoid Pakistan, such as land > trade from the Chabahar port and a dedicated air corridor between > Delhi and Kabul, may prove to be insufficient by the time they are put > in place, even as Afghanistan is connected more closely via a rail > line from China’s Yiwu and Tehran. The Heart of Asia process thus > remains critical to forging cooperation to realise Afghanistan’s > potential to be a vibrant Asian “hub”. What is the theme for this passage?

  1.  The Heart of Asia against Pakistan
  2.  Afghanistan amidst cross-border terrorism
  3.  The prevalent issue of Terrorism by Pakistan
  4.  India and Afghanistan against their neighbour
  5.  India befriends Afghanistan

Solution : Afghanistan amidst cross-border terrorism

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Q395. > There are good reasons why the ‘Heart of Asia’ conference, part of a > 14-nation process begun in 2011 to facilitate the development and > security of Afghanistan, is so named. The obvious one is geographical, > as Afghanistan lies at the junction of Central, South and East Asia, > and also of the ancient trading routes from China and India to Europe. > Today it is also a focal point for the region’s biggest challenge of > terrorism; some of the far-reaching battles against al-Qaeda, Islamic > State, etc. will be decided on the battlegrounds of Afghanistan. For > India, putting terror centre stage at the Heart of Asia declaration in > Amritsar was thus timely and necessary. In tandem, Afghan President > Ashraf Ghani and Prime Minister Narendra Modi focussed their concerns > on cross-border terrorism emanating from Pakistan, something even > Pakistan’s traditional allies at the conference, including China, > Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Turkey, found difficult to counter. The case > Mr. Ghani made was clear: progress and development in Afghanistan are > meaningless and unsustainable without peace, and peace is contingent > on Pakistan ending support to terror groups such the Haqqani network > and Lashkar-e-Taiba. He dared Pakistan to use its proposed development > grant to Afghanistan to fight terror on its own soil. > > However, if every window for engagement with Pakistan is closed for > India and Afghanistan, the two countries must closely consider what > their next step will be. A lack of engagement may, in the short term, > yield some pressure on Pakistan’s leadership to act, as it did briefly > after the Pathankot attack. But in the long run it may deplete the two > countries of their limited leverage as Pakistan’s neighbours. It may, > for all the affirmations of mutual ties, also succeed in driving more > obstacles to trade between India and Afghanistan. In the past year, > the cornering of Pakistan by its South Asian neighbours has only > yielded deeper ties for Islamabad with Beijing and Moscow, pushed > Kabul closer to Central Asia, and moved New Delhi towards multilateral > groupings to the east and south. As a result, the measures India and > Afghanistan have envisaged in order to avoid Pakistan, such as land > trade from the Chabahar port and a dedicated air corridor between > Delhi and Kabul, may prove to be insufficient by the time they are put > in place, even as Afghanistan is connected more closely via a rail > line from China’s Yiwu and Tehran. The Heart of Asia process thus > remains critical to forging cooperation to realise Afghanistan’s > potential to be a vibrant Asian “hub”. In the given passage, why Afghanistan is being considered as the ‘focal point’ of terrorism?

  1.  New terror groups are being formed in Afghanistan and fighting in India.
  2.  al-Qaeda and Islamic state operate through Afghanistan and are funded by its government
  3.  Pakistan and Afghanistan support groups such as Haqqani network and Lashkar-e-Taiba
  4.  Many battles against big terror groups are fought on the battlegrounds of Afghanistan.
  5.  All of the above statements are the reason for Afghanistan being considered as the ‘focal point’ of terrorism.

Solution : Many battles against big terror groups are fought on the battlegrounds of Afghanistan.
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Solution :

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