statements,-assumptions,-arguments-and-conclusions

Statements, Assumptions, Arguments and Conclusions

Statements, Assumptions, Arguments and Conclusions: Critical Reasoning Questions. Tricks on how to solve critical Reasoning questions

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Online Logical Reasoning Test Questions with Answers on Statements, Assumptions, Arguments and Conclusions

Q226. The image of a knitter as an older woman sitting in a comfortable, old-fashioned living room with a basket of yarn at her feet and a bun in her hair is one of the past. As knitting continues to become more popular and increasingly trendy, it is much more difficult to describe the average knitter. Knitters today might be 18, 28, 40, or 65. They might live in a big urban center and take classes in a knit- ting shop that doubles as a café or they may gather in suburban coffee shops to support one another in knitting and other aspects of life. They could be college roommates knitting in their dorm room or two senior citizens knitting in a church hall. Even men are getting in the act. It would be incredibly difficult to come up with an accurate profile of a contemporary knitter to replace that image of the old woman with the basket of yarn! This paragraph best supports the statement that

  1.  people are returning to knitting in an attempt to reconnect with simpler times.
  2.  knitting is now more of a group activity, as opposed to an individual hobby.
  3.  creating an accurate profile of a particular type of person depends on the people in this group having traits and characteristics in common.
  4.  today's knitters are much less accomplished than knitters of the past.
  5.  young people are turning to knitting in record numbers.

Solution : creating an accurate profile of a particular type of person depends on the people in this group having traits and characteristics in common.
Q227. Close-up images of Mars by the Mariner 9 probe indicated networks of valleys that looked like the stream beds on Earth. These images also implied that Mars once had an atmosphere that was thick enough to trap the sun's heat. If this were true, something happened to Mars billions of years ago that stripped away the planet's atmosphere. This paragraph best supports the statement that

  1.  Mars now has little or no atmosphere.
  2.  Mars once had a thicker atmosphere than Earth does.
  3.  the Mariner 9 probe took the first pictures of Mars.
  4.  Mars is closer to the sun than Earth is.
  5.  Mars is more mountainous than Earth is.

Solution : Mars now has little or no atmosphere.

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Q228. Originating in the 1920s, the Pyramid scheme is one of the oldest con games going. Honest people are often pulled in, thinking the scheme is a legitimate investment enterprise. The first customer to "fall for" the Pyramid scheme will actually make big money and will therefore persuade friends and relatives to join also. The chain then continues with the con artist who originated the scheme pocketing, rather than investing, the money. Finally, the pyramid collapses, but by that time, the scam artist will usually have moved out of town, leaving no forwarding address. This paragraph best supports the statement that

  1.  it is fairly easy to spot a Pyramid scheme in the making.
  2.  he first customer of a Pyramid scheme is the most gullible.
  3.  the people who set up Pyramid schemes are able to fool honest people.
  4.  the Pyramid scheme had its heyday in the 1920s, but it's making a comeback.
  5.  the Pyramid scheme got its name from its structure.

Solution : the people who set up Pyramid schemes are able to fool honest people.
Q229. Some groups want to outlaw burning the flag. They say that people have fought and died for the flag and that citizens of the United States ought to respect that. But I say that respect cannot be leg-islated. Also, most citizens who have served in the military did not fight for the flag, they fought for what the flag represents. Among the things the flag represents is freedom of speech, which includes, I believe, the right for a citizen to express displeasure with the government by burning the flag in protest. Which of the following is similar to the argument made by the speaker?

  1.  The rich should not be allowed to "buy" politicians, so the Congress should enact campaign finance reform.
  2.  The idea of freedom of religion also means the right not to participate in religion, so mandated school prayer violates freedom of religion.
  3.  The Constitution guarantees freedom to own property, so taxes should be illegal.
  4.  Convicted felons should not have their convictions overturned on a technicality.
  5.  In order to understand what may be constitutional today, one needs to look at what the laws were when the Constitution was enacted.

Solution : The idea of freedom of religion also means the right not to participate in religion, so mandated school prayer violates freedom of religion.

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Q230. Some groups want to outlaw burning the flag. They say that people have fought and died for the flag and that citizens of the United States ought to respect that. But I say that respect cannot be leg-islated. Also, most citizens who have served in the military did not fight for the flag, they fought for what the flag represents. Among the things the flag represents is freedom of speech, which includes, I believe, the right for a citizen to express displeasure with the government by burning the flag in protest. Which of the following, if true, would weaken the speaker's argument?

  1.  An action is not considered a part of freedom of speech.
  2.  People who burn the flag usually commit other crimes as well.
  3.  The flag was not recognized by the government until 1812.
  4.  State flags are almost never burned.
  5.  Most people are against flag burning.

Solution : An action is not considered a part of freedom of speech.
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