Unit-6 Struggle for Independence in India

Understand how Indians raised their voices against the British and the sacrifices that the countrymen made to set India free.

Which were the two mass movements organized by the Congress under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi?

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Written on Apr 16, 2019 4:11:49 PM

  • This period of Indian freedom struggle is marked by the emergence of Mahatma Gandhi in Indian politics and under his able leadership the Indian National Congress organized two important mass movements, non-cooperation and civil disobedience.
  • After studying law in Britain, Gandhiji went to South Africa to practice law. But seeing the shocking social and political inequalities faced by the Indians and other Asians at the hands of the British, Gandhiji decided to fight against racial discrimination through Satyagraha.
  • The philosophy of Satyagraha is based on the principles of truth and non-violence.
  • Through Satyagraha Gandhiji wanted to appeal to the conscience of the wrongdoers. 

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