Unit-1 The Consequences Of Colonialism

Understand how India came to become what it was at the time of Independence and grasp political, social and economic processes.

What were the results of these for the peasantry?

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Learning Pundits Content Team

Written on Apr 15, 2019 6:38:05 PM

This was crucial; therefore, let us be clear through an example. Under the Mughal if the peasant was entitled to cultivate, for instance, 100 acres of land but actually cultivated only 55 acres, the revenue collected was only for 55 acres but the British assessed and collected the revenue for the entire 100 acres of land. Now imagine the enormous burden it may have put on the peasants because barring a few nobody cultivated the entire land one was entitled to cultivate. Secondly, it has also been noted by many that the actual rent in full was not always collected and considerations were given to the difficulties of the peasants. Thirdly, under the Mughals the revenue was calculated in cash but more often it was collected in kind so the peasant did not have to go for distress sale. Finally, and very significantly, the failure to pay in time or repay other kinds of debt did not lead to the loss of land under the Mughals.